Types of EL practice

Beginner

Intermediate

Advanced

EL is not really possible

EL is possible

EL should be a major aspect of language learning

* Controlled conversation practice is probably only possible

* Bottom up listening skills

* Word building

* Matching sounds and spellings (phonics work can be helpful) so reading while listening is useful

* They should learn the phonemic alphabet (e.g. /a/  /p/  /j/)

* Listening to long graded texts (e.g. graded readers)

* Watching easy movies with subtitles several times.

* Listening to easy songs

* Free conversation practice (possibly semi-controlled)

* Listening to simplified lectures

* Repeated listenings are important

* Watching movies, TV (with subtitles if necessary)

* Radio

* Listening to songs

* Lots of natural conversation