There are several types of EL

3 ways to use the tapes and books

Listen only

Benefits But ….
* practising listening to a story* more focused on the pronunciation than if they were reading * usually quite difficult for many Japanese* cannot go back and listen again easily* not interactive but easier than say listening to the radio* have to process the text at the speed of the tape (or delivery)

Read only

Benefits But ….
* own pace* can stop easily* not restricted by the pace of a tape * no aural re-enforcement

 

 

Listen while reading

Benefits But …
* can hear how words are pronounced* can build listening recognition vocabulary through their reading* dual processing – two ways to understand * dependent on the speed of the tape* may be difficult to catch up if they lose their place.* difficult to notice new language due to time constraints* dual processing may create confusions at times

 

 

Whole Class Listening

(all with the same text)

Individual listening

 

Advantages

* Teacher can help all students with the same things

* Teachers can find out what the general problems the class are having

* can check comprehension

 

Disadvantages

not everyone will benefit equally

* the text may not be interesting to all

* restricted to class time

 

 

 

Advantages

* can go at their own pace

* can select the material

* can learn out of class

 

  Disadvantages

* the teacher does not know what problems the learner is having

* teacher can’t always ensure that everyone understands

* difficult to assess their reading